How Do LLC Protections in New York Differ from Other States?

Learn how personal asset protections work for LLCs in New York, no matter how many members you have.

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If you’re thinking of starting a business in New York and you want to limit your personal liability, odds are the LLC — short for limited liability company — caught your eye. But it’s important to know that LLC protections in New York are a little weaker than in some other states. Your personal assets are generally protected, but business creditors have multiple options for pursuing compensation from your LLC’s members.

In this article, we’ll address some of the nuances of LLC protections in New York, including charging orders, foreclosures, how protections work for single-member LLCs, and more.

How do LLCs protect members’ assets in New York?

Limited liability companies are a popular choice among business owners due to their ability to separate personal and business liabilities. When you form an LLC, it becomes a distinct legal entity separate from its owners. This separation establishes a protective barrier (sometimes called the corporate veil), safeguarding the personal assets of LLC members from business debts and obligations. This asset protection is one of the primary benefits of an LLC.

The level of asset protection provided by an LLC can vary somewhat from state to state, and New York is a prime example of this. Compared to other states, New York’s LLC protections are a little weaker because there are a few different ways a creditor can pursue compensation from an LLC member instead of just one. That brings us to the topic of charging orders.

What is a charging order?

A charging order is a legal tool that creditors can use to claim a debtor’s share of profits from an LLC. In many states, it’s the only option for creditors to get payment. However, in New York, creditors have additional options beyond just a charging order. They can foreclose on an LLC member’s membership interest, allowing them to access the debtor’s assets held within the LLC. This doesn’t give the creditor any management rights within the LLC, so the other members can, in theory, still operate as they please. 

However, creditors in New York can further petition the court to dissolve the LLC and sell its assets to satisfy the debt. It’s worth noting that both foreclosure and dissolution procedures are complex and time-consuming, which make them less attractive options for creditors. Some creditors would rather patiently obtain repayment over time through the charging order.

Do single-member LLCs have less protection in New York?

While some states provide lesser protections for single-member LLCs due to the absence of other members and how they would be affected, New York treats both single-member and multi-member LLCs equally; protections don’t differ based on the number of owners. In contrast, states like Florida and New Hampshire have opted to grant fewer protections to single-member LLCs. Thus, if you’re forming a single-member LLC in New York, you should have at least as much protection as a multi-member LLC.

Foreign LLCs

For entrepreneurs primarily concerned with personal asset protection, forming an LLC in a state that offers stronger protections may be an option. You can establish your LLC in one of those states and conduct business in New York as a foreign LLC. In 15 states, the sole recourse for creditors is a charging order, limiting their ability to access your personal assets. 

However, it’s important to note that operating as a foreign LLC involves additional costs and paperwork. Additionally, it’s crucial to consult an attorney to help ensure that the asset protections provided by your formation state extend to your operations in New York.

We can help!

At ZenBusiness, we understand the importance of protecting your personal assets while starting and managing your business. Our LLC formation service offers a hassle-free way to start your business with zero formation fees. We can also help you stay compliant with registered agent service, worry-free compliance, and even annual report filing. With our assistance, you can establish and maintain your LLC in compliance with New York state regulations, helping ensure the necessary protections are in place. Let us handle the red tape so you can stay focused on growing your business.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is for information purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the counsel of a licensed professional.

FAQs About LLC Protections in New York

  • The legal protection of an LLC, or limited liability company, lies in its ability to separate personal and business liabilities. When you form an LLC, it becomes a distinct legal entity. This separation helps ensure that if the business incurs debts or legal obligations, the personal assets of LLC members are generally shielded from being used to satisfy those liabilities. This means that in most cases, your personal assets, such as your home or savings, are protected from the potential risks associated with your business.

  • To protect yourself in an LLC, it’s essential to adhere to certain practices. First and foremost, maintain proper separation between your personal and business finances. This includes having a separate business bank account and avoiding commingling funds. Additionally, ensure you fulfill all necessary legal and compliance requirements, such as keeping accurate records, filing annual reports, and meeting any taxation obligations. By following these guidelines and treating your LLC as a separate legal entity, you can help preserve the liability protection it offers.

  • While there are many advantages to forming an LLC in New York, there are a few potential disadvantages to consider. One disadvantage is the requirement to pay both state and federal self-employment taxes, which can impact your overall tax liability. Additionally, forming an LLC involves certain administrative responsibilities, such as filing fees, annual reports, and maintaining proper records. It’s important to be aware of these obligations and ensure compliance to avoid any penalties or legal issues. Lastly, depending on the nature of your business, securing financing or attracting investors might be more challenging compared to other business structures.

    In New York specifically, LLCs have weaker liability protections than other states because creditors have more options to pursue against debtors who are LLC members.

“This is your life.
You want to get it right.”

– Mark Cuban on Starting a Business

Entrepreneur and Shark Tank host lays out
3 steps to follow when starting a business

  • Form an LLC to protect your liability
  • Set up your banking and accounting
  • Grow sales by marketing your website


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