Have you ever wanted to help a friend? Neighbor? Stranger? Do you have an idea of how to improve your community but aren’t sure where to start? Perhaps, starting a Louisiana nonprofit corporation is the answer. True, it can be complicated. The requirements for nonprofit formation in Louisiana are different from other states. This overview can help you get through the necessary steps.
Steps to Form a Louisiana Nonprofit Corporation
- Select the initial directors
- Choose a name
- Choose a Louisiana registered agent
- File your Articles of Incorporation
- File your initial report
- File with the recorder of mortgages
- Create corporate bylaws
- Hold an organizational meeting for the board of directors
- Set up a way to keep track of official corporate records
- Get your employer identification number
- Get your state tax information in order
- Apply for any necessary local licenses and permits
- Apply for tax-exempt status
- Register as a charity with the state
- Acquire insurance for your nonprofit
- Open a bank account
Step 1: Select the initial directors
The directors of your nonprofit corporation are the people who set the rules for your organization. These initial directors are your organization’s Board of Directors while it is first forming. They set the rules that future board members will have to follow.
To start a nonprofit corporation in Louisiana, you need a minimum of three initial directors. One exception is if it’s a membership nonprofit with only one or two members. In that situation, you need to have the same number of directors as members. Some other requirements for directors of a nonprofit include:
- The directors should not be related to each other.
- Term limits should be between 1 and 5 years.
- There aren’t any residency requirements or membership requirements. You can have a director who lives in another state or who isn’t a member of the organization.
- The director must be a natural person, so you can’t assign a company or other entity to be a director.
Step 2: Choose a name
Louisiana has a lot of specific naming restrictions for nonprofit corporations registered in the state. You can’t use specific words related to banking, charitable giving, and financial activities. Section 204 and 204.1 of Louisiana Nonprofit Corporation Law list all the naming restrictions.
Once you choose a name, search the state database to make sure the name you want is available. You might also want to check for available domain names and register those using ZenBusiness’s domain name service.
Sometimes you come up with the perfect name but aren’t ready to file with the state. To prevent someone else from taking your name until you are ready to file, reserve the business name using ZenBusiness’s name reservation service.
Step 3: Choose a Louisiana registered agent
A registered agent is the person who receives legal notices (such as notices of lawsuits) as well as official mail sent from the Secretary of State to your Louisiana nonprofit corporation.
You can be your own registered agent, but it’s usually more convenient to use a registered agent service. A registered agent must have a business address to get notices from the Secretary of State during regular business hours. If you do it yourself, you need to commit to being there during those office hours. ZenBusiness’s registered agent service makes sure there’s someone at a specified business address to get those necessary documents and pass them along to you.
Step 4: File your Articles of Incorporation with the Louisiana Secretary of State Office
Your Articles of Incorporation application must meet specific requirements. It should:
- List your nonprofit corporation’s name and purpose
- State the filing date
- Include all required signatures
- Be notarized, including the notaries phone number and include their notary number or bar roller number
- Include the registered agent’s street address and name
- List the names and addresses of all directors
- Include the filing fee along with the application
You can file in-person, online, by fax, or by postal mail. If you file by mail, your Articles of Incorporation need a signed affidavit from your registered agent. You must also include the transmittal information form, which you can find on the printable document on the state website.
You also need to send in some other items along with the state-required paperwork that are required by the IRS to get tax-exempt status. These include:
- A statement of purpose for your nonprofit
- Statements saying that your nonprofit won’t participate in political activities that nonprofits aren’t allowed to do
- A statement of where your assets will go if your nonprofit is dissolved — most nonprofits give their assets to another nonprofit during dissolution
Step 5: File your initial report
Louisiana law requires you to submit an initial report within 90 days of incorporation. This initial report is the first version of your corporation’s annual report. You can file online or through the mail.
Step 6: File with the recorder of mortgages in your parish
Once you get back a certified copy of the Articles and a Certificate of Incorporation, you need to file them locally. File these records in the parish where you have a registered office.
Step 7: Create corporate bylaws
To run your nonprofit corporation efficiently, you need bylaws. These typically describe how you will elect officers, such as a CEO, and when board meetings will occur. You don’t need to file your bylaws with the state, but you should have them and abide by them to operate legally in Louisiana.
Step 8: Hold an organizational meeting for the board of directors
During this initial board meeting, the directors should:
- Approve the bylaws
- Appoint any officers for the nonprofit organization
- Approve any official business activities you need to get started
Step 9: Set up a way to keep track of official corporate records
You can create a physical corporate records binder to hold official documents. Another option is to upload all corporate records to a cloud server or other digital platform. You want everything easily accessible for future reference.
Step 10: Get your employer identification number
If you plan to hire employees or pay officers a salary, your nonprofit will need an employer identification number from the IRS. You also need this number for filing corporate taxes. ZenBusiness’s EIN service can help you acquire this number so you’re ready at tax time.
Step 11: Get your state tax information in order
To file Louisiana state taxes as a nonprofit corporation, you need a state tax ID number in addition to the IRS one. You may also need to establish state tax accounts.
Step 12: Apply for any necessary local licenses and permits
Cities, towns, and parishes in Louisiana may have a specific license and permit requirements. Some licenses and permits are at the federal or state level, and some are industry-specific. As an example, a business running charitable games of chance might need to register with the Office of Charitable Gaming. There’s no central database of local licensing requirements in Louisiana. Contact your local government agencies to determine which ones you need. ZenBusiness’s business license report service can generate a report listing them all.
Step 13: Apply for tax-exempt status
Nonprofit corporations typically don’t have to pay income tax, but you need to apply for this status at both the state and federal levels. To get the federal IRS tax-exempt status as a 501(c)(3) organization, you need to file IRS form 1023. Once you get your federal exemption, you can get the state exemption. Send the official IRS determination letter to the Louisiana State Department of Revenue for registration.
Step 14: Register as a charity with the state
If you plan to fundraise for your nonprofit, you may need to register as a charity with the Louisiana Department of Justice.
Step 15: Acquire insurance for your nonprofit
The types of insurance you need depend on your specific type of business. Some common insurance options you might want to look into include unemployment insurance, property insurance, and liability insurance. A qualified insurance agent can help you determine what types of insurance you may need.
Step 16: Open a bank account
You’ll need a bank account to conduct business as a nonprofit corporation in Louisiana. During their initial meeting, your Board of Directors can authorize specific individuals to open a bank account on behalf of the nonprofit.
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At ZenBusiness, we are proud to support small businesses through a variety of different tools and services. Whether you need a registered agent service, want to reserve a business name, or looking to register a domain, our goal is to help you stay on the road to success. Check out our services, and contact us today to see how we can help you grow your company.
Louisiana Nonprofit Corporation FAQs
- Can the founder of a Louisiana nonprofit receive a salary?
The founders of a Louisiana nonprofit can’t get a salary for being founders. A founder can take on a role as an officer of the corporation and get paid for that role. One example of this is when a founder becomes the CEO and gets paid for that job.
- How much does it cost to start a nonprofit corporation in Louisiana?
The filing fee for the Articles of Incorporation of a nonprofit organization in Louisiana is $75. Other costs depend on your corporation’s specific needs. You can request priority filing for an extra charge.
- What happens if a Louisiana nonprofit makes money?
A nonprofit can make money, but it has to go back into the organization. This can include covering expenses, such as employee salaries and renting the offices where the nonprofit does business.
- What kinds of Louisiana businesses can be a nonprofit?
Any organization that is charitable, religious, educational, or serves the health and quasi-public concerns can be nonprofit. This could include daycare centers, educational institutions, museums, organizations dedicated to housing, or healthy food access.
- Can Louisiana nonprofits sell products?
Nonprofits can sell products to support and fund their missions. Some nonprofits create branded merchandise, such as T-shirts or tote bags, to sell. Money made from product sales has to go back into the nonprofit.
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