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If you’re interested in starting a business in Michigan, this guide will walk you through the process.
The first step for starting your business is to write a business plan. Your business plan is a detailed report of the company, its purpose, and its growth potential.
Most business plans include:
The business plan should also discuss attainable state-specific tax breaks or local grants. Some businesses may take advantage of the Michigan Business Development Program, for example. This program provides grants, business loans, and economic assistance to companies that create jobs in the state. You can also look into resources provided by the Michigan branch of the Small Business Administration (SBA).
When writing a business plan, it’s essential to identify challenges, too. If you present the project to a bank or investor, they’ll want you to acknowledge potential struggles and solutions.
Need help creating a business plan for your Michigan startup? We put together a comprehensive library of articles and guides on business planning.
Next, you need to assess possible business structures. In Michigan, a business can take several different forms, including sole proprietorships and limited liability companies (LLCs).
A sole proprietorship is the simplest business structure to create. It’s not registered with the state, is free to set up, and designates all profits to the sole owner.
An LLC is incorporated with the state, costs money to create, and offers liability protection. These liability protections safeguards the owner’s assets (like home and car) if the company is sued or ends up in debt.
To set up a Michigan LLC, you need to file Articles of Organization. Your Articles of Organization include:
The LLC organizer, who is typically the company owner, must sign the document and submit it to the Michigan Corporations Division for approval. There’s a $50 filing fee that must be paid as well.
If you’d rather have an expert handle it for you, you can work with a business formation and compliance company like ZenBusiness.
As always, there’s a cost to start a company. To calculate just how much your new Michigan business will cost, use a cost calculator to zero in on fixed prices, ongoing expenses, and one-time costs.
Curious about “how much it costs to start a business in Michigan?” Look no further. This helpful guide will walk you through business cost calculation and more.
Ongoing expenses could include a lease. Michigan has more than 1.5 million parcels to choose from, with reasonably low commercial rates. Even so, leasing can still be one of your higher ongoing expenses. Taxes are another ongoing expense. While the state is highly ranked for its business-friendly tax climate, taxes will also be a significant factor.
Some new business owners overlook the costs to maintain licenses and permits. Not all businesses need them, but Michigan has a state license search that can tell you what your company needs and how much it costs each year.
Do you have a name picked out for your business? Like most states, Michigan has rules that every entrepreneur must follow when picking a company name.
No two businesses can have the same name. The state says every company should be “distinguishable from one another” and doesn’t allow duplicate titles. To see if a name is available, conduct a business entity search on the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs website.
The state lets you reserve a name for $25. If you don’t plan to incorporate your business for a few months, this is an excellent way to hold the title so it won’t vanish.
You also can’t use “restricted words” in a company name. Restricted words are inappropriate words or any words that refer to a government agency. There’s a list of local stories and more information about naming a company in Michigan’s “Choosing a Business Name” ebook.
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As you settle on a company name, you may also consider registering the matching domain name. If this feels outside of your wheelhouse, ZenBusiness can help you create a domain name.
Next, register the type of business you selected. If you’re forming an LLC, you’ll submit your formation documents and pay a filing fee. You’ll renew your status every year by filing an annual report through the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA). You can also refer these tasks to a business formation company.
Whether your business is in Flint or Ann Arbor, your LLC needs a federal employer identification number, also known as an employer identification number (EIN). This nine-digit number is issued instantly online by the IRS. It’s used when you file federal taxes and hire employees, but the state of Michigan will also use it for state taxes.
Once you obtain this tax ID, you’ll have to register it and the company with the Michigan Department of Treasury, which you can do online. Note: If you choose to open your business as a sole prop, you can use your social security number as your tax ID instead, though it leaves you open to potential identity theft.
Recommended: Learn more about the benefits of an EIN and how to get one for your LLC or Corporation in our EIN information page.
Some businesses in Michigan need special business licenses and permits. Check Michigan.gov to see what your company needs.
It’s a good idea to open business bank accounts so you can keep personal and business finances separate. Comerica Bank and Fifth Third Bank are two popular banks in Michigan, but online options can also streamline the business banking process. Also, consider any business insurance you may need, such as general liability and workers’ compensation, and unemployment insurance if you hire employees.
Before you even open your Michigan small business, it’s essential to think about how you’ll attract customers. There are many DIY marketing tactics you can use to get the word out about your new company. For starters, open social media accounts on the channels where your future customers are.
If you’re targeting seniors, you’re in luck. Michigan’s population skews older, with about 26% of the state’s population aged 65 or older. This demographic gravitates toward Facebook, while the younger crowd leans more on Snapchat and Instagram.
There are also free online directories you can add your business to, including Google My Business and Yelp. Both also include options for customer reviews, which provide digital word-of-mouth marketing for your company.
Consider inviting local media to your grand opening and to different events you hold throughout the year. When an H&M opened in Detroit, the Detroit Free Press covered the event, drawing large crowds.
Michigan offers excellent opportunities for many different kinds of businesses. Currently, the state employs the most people in healthcare, manufacturing, and food services. Other Michigan business include companies in the following industries:
Looking for more ideas? Check out our list of the best businesses to start in Michigan.
Michigan has an inviting business climate that’s attractive to new entrepreneurs. The Great Lake State offers a low cost of living, business-friendly tax codes, affordable commercial real estate, and an educated workforce. For those interested in learning how to start a business in Michigan, you’ll likely find favorable conditions and numerous opportunities.
Ready to start your Michigan business? Follow the steps outlined above and you’ll be well on your way to being your own boss. And remember, we can help! From our formation services to worry-free compliance, we’ve got you covered every step of the way.
Disclaimer: The content on this page is for informational purposes only, and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the counsel of a licensed professional.
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Most entrepreneurs start a business with less than $25,000, but other microbusinesses can be activated for just $5,000. Your startup funds will go a little further in Michigan than in other states as the cost of living is low, and business taxes are reasonable.
While you may gravitate towards the bigger cities of Detroit or Grand Rapids, research shows Holland, Michigan, is the best place to start a business. It was selected as the nation’s best city to start a small business because it boasts many startups, the potential for revenue growth, and excellent access to resources.
The cost to start an LLC in Michigan is $75. This filing fee must be submitted along with completed Articles of Organization to the state for approval. The filing fee in Michigan is lower than in most states.
For more information on starting an LLC, visit our Michigan LLC page.
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