Cost to Start a Christmas Tree Farm

Discover the fascinating world of Christmas tree farming and the costs involved in starting one, allowing you to embark on an entrepreneurial journey filled with festive cheer and potential profit.

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Start Your Christmas Tree Farm

Are you captivated by the charm of Christmas tree farming and curious about the cost to start a Christmas tree farm? If so, then you’re in the right place! The path to starting a Christmas tree farm involves careful planning, strategic decision-making, and, importantly, understanding the costs. So, let’s delve into the specifics of each expenditure to help you realize your dream of becoming a Christmas tree farm owner.

How much does it cost to start a Christmas tree farm?

Starting a Christmas tree farm is an investment that involves various costs, from acquiring land to buying equipment and seedlings, as well as employing labor and implementing marketing strategies. It’s important to remember that these costs vary greatly, depending on your farm’s size, location, and the type of trees you choose to grow.

On a general note, the cost to start a Christmas tree farm can range anywhere from $10,000 to over $100,000. For instance, a small, modest farm might fall towards the lower end of this spectrum, while a large-scale farm in a prime location with premium tree types may require an investment in the higher range. The variation in cost is primarily due to the price of land, which varies significantly from state to state, and even within different regions of the same state. Also, the level of mechanization you choose to employ on your farm and the marketing strategies you adopt can play a big role in the overall startup cost. Hence, it’s critical to plan your farm keeping in mind these variables to form an accurate estimate of your initial investment. Each state has their own fees as well, please see our state fees page to learn more about the fees in your state.

Essential Costs to Start a Christmas Tree Farm

Starting a Christmas tree farm comes with a set of unavoidable costs. Let’s walk through some of those costs.

Land Purchase or Lease

Land forms the foundation of your Christmas tree farm and hence is your most significant expense. The cost of land varies depending on its location and size. Rural land could cost anywhere from $1,000 to $4,000 per acre, while prime land locations could go beyond $10,000 per acre. Leasing could be a more affordable option, but it offers less control and fewer long-term guarantees.

Soil Testing and Preparation

Healthy trees need good soil. So, soil testing becomes critical to check its pH levels and nutrient content. Soil testing kits can cost between $10 to $50, while professional soil testing services could charge up to $500. If the soil is found deficient, you’ll need soil amendments, which could range anywhere from $100 to $500 per acre.


Your Christmas tree farm’s success also hinges on the types of trees you plant. Types can vary based on your region and customers’ preferences, with popular choices including Douglas fir, Scotch pine, and Blue spruce. Seedlings typically cost between $1 to $5 each, and with thousands of seedlings needed for a small farm, you could expect to spend between $5,000 to $20,000 for your initial plantation.


Christmas tree farming requires equipment for planting, maintenance, and harvesting. Basic farming tools like shovels, hoses, wheelbarrows, and pruning shears could set you back a few hundred dollars. Larger farms might necessitate bigger equipment like a tractor, which could cost anywhere between $10,000 to $50,000. Irrigation is another essential, especially in drier climates, costing about $2,000 for a basic system and up to $10,000 for larger, more sophisticated setups.


Protecting your investment from potential hazards is essential. Liability insurance and crop insurance are recommended, which can cost between $500 and $3,000 annually, depending on your farm’s size and the policy specifics.

Business Registration Fees

Legally establishing your business is another cost to consider. Registering your business, acquiring necessary licenses, and possibly seeking legal advice could set you back anywhere from $500 to $2,000, depending on your location and the professionals you engage.

Additional Costs to Consider for a Christmas Tree Farm

To elevate your Christmas tree farming business from good to great, there may be a few other costs to budget for.

Farming Staff

Larger farms may require additional labor for maintaining trees and assisting customers during the selling season. Depending on the size of your farm and local wage rates, staff costs could range from $15,000 to $50,000 annually.

Additional Equipment

Efficiency-enhancing equipment like tree balers and mechanical planters can expedite your operations but add to costs. These specialized machines can run into several thousands of dollars.

Advertising and Marketing

Marketing is the engine that drives sales. Investing in a website could cost around $500, and marketing activities like social media campaigns and local advertising could range from $1,000 to $5,000 annually.

Retail Area

Selling directly from your farm requires a retail area with items like tree netting, a cash register, and signage. Basic setup for a sales area could start from $1,000, scaling upwards depending on your requirements.

Farm Stand or Store

A store selling related items can boost your revenue. The cost to set up a store could range from $10,000 to $30,000, depending on its size and the products you stock.

Professional Services

Professional services like accountants or bookkeepers, costing approximately $1,000 to $2,000 per year, are important for financial management. Hiring a business consultant with Christmas tree farming expertise can be an invaluable resource, though it might add to your costs.

Timeframe to Break Even in a Christmas Tree Farming Business

Remember, starting a Christmas tree farm is a long-term investment. It can take anywhere between 7 to 10 years for trees to mature enough for sale. You can expedite reaching the break-even point with efficient management of costs, effective pricing strategies, and smart marketing. Patience and realistic expectations are critical, as reaching the break-even point is a marathon, not a sprint.

How to Fund Your Christmas Tree Farm

As an aspiring farm owner, you’re not without help. The USDA offers several grant and loan programs for new farmers, and the U.S. Small Business Association also offers grant programs. These can significantly assist you in meeting your startup costs. 

You can also consider more traditional options like loans, venture capital firms, or even your own savings to fund your farm. If in doubt, consult with a financial advisor to understand your options.

We can help!

At ZenBusiness, we’re here to help you navigate the complexities of starting a Christmas tree farm. We offer services like LLC formation and more to help you get started today for $0, so you can hit the ground running with all the support you need. We make the process easy, allowing you to focus on your business. Start your Christmas tree farm with us and turn your festive entrepreneurial dream into a rewarding reality.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the counsel of a licensed professional.


  • Christmas tree farming can be a profitable business, but it requires long-term investment and patience. Profitability largely depends on factors such as the number of trees per acre, tree species, care and maintenance expenses, and the local market for Christmas trees. Given a sound business plan and efficient management, profits can be substantial. Remember, the value of mature, ready-for-harvest trees can range from $30 to $100 per tree, so a well-managed Christmas tree farm can yield impressive returns over time.

  • The number of Christmas trees you can grow per acre depends on the type of tree you’re planting and how closely you plant them. On average, Christmas tree farms plant about 1,000 to 1,500 trees per acre. This count could vary if you decide to follow high-density planting practices or if you’re planting a tree species that requires more room to grow. Careful planning to optimize your land usage is crucial for a successful tree farming business.

  • Tree farming can be a profitable enterprise, especially if you diversify your offerings beyond just Christmas trees. Depending on the types of trees grown, a well-managed tree farm can yield substantial income over time. The profitability of tree farming is driven by various factors including land costs, labor costs, market prices, tree species, and management practices. Many farmers supplement their income by offering related products or services, such as firewood, landscaping services, or workshops.

  • Selling Christmas trees can be a profitable venture, given the perennial demand for real Christmas trees during the holiday season. The profit margin on each tree can be high, especially for premium species. However, the profitability hinges on several factors including the initial investment, maintenance costs, market trends, and the selling price of the trees. It’s a long-term commitment, as it takes several years for trees to mature, but with careful planning and execution, it can yield considerable returns.

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