Throughout history, newspapers have been a primary source for public information. As such, many states considered newspapers to be the best way to share important notices. Although most information is now obtained using modern methods of mass communication, some states continue to publish public information in local and state newspapers.
When forming an LLC or corporation in some states, businesses are required to publish a formal notice of the entity’s formation along with the contact information for the business and its directors/members.
Publication requirements vary depending on the state. In some states, only LLCs are subject to this rule while in others, it only applies to corporations. Some states, including Arizona and Nebraska, require both types of business entities to publish a notice of their formation in local or county newspapers.
In Arizona, LLCs and corporations may be required to publish a public notice of the filing of Articles of Organization or Articles of Incorporation. New entities in Arizona must publish a notice of LLC formation unless their business address is within Maricopa or Pima counties. All new LLCs and corporations in these counties are published online by the Arizona Corporations Commission (ACC).
New LLCs outside of Maricopa and Pima Counties must publish their notice of LLC formation independently. These notices must be published at least three times in a newspaper that’s approved by the ACC. This notice must be published within 60 days after receiving a Notice of Publication from the ACC.
When publishing, you’re required to include these details:
Once your publication has run, the newspaper will send you an affidavit of publication. You should keep this document for your records and if you wish, you can provide it to the ACC as proof of publication.
Corporations in Arizona are subject to the same requirements as LLCs when it comes to publication requirements. That means that all corporations with addresses outside of Maricopa and Pima counties must publish their notice of corporation formation at least three times within 60 days of receiving a Notice of Publication from the ACC.
If you don’t comply with the state’s publication requirements, your LLC or corporation will be terminated. As mentioned earlier, notices must be published in an approved newspaper within 60 days of receiving your notice from the ACC.
In Georgia, all corporations are required to publish an intent to incorporate in their municipality’s or county’s primary newspaper. Your notice of intent must be published in a newspaper within your county for which at least 60% of its subscriptions are paid or in the newspaper that’s the official legal organ for your county.
Your notice of intent to incorporate must be published for two consecutive weeks and contain the following information:
Your notice should be written in the form of a letter.
Please publish this notice once per week for two consecutive weeks:
Notice is hereby given that Articles of Incorporation that will incorporate (name of corporation) have been delivered to the Secretary of State in accordance with Georgia Business Corporation Code. The initial registered office of the corporation is located at (address of registered office) and its initial registered agent at such address is (name of registered agent).
A check in the amount of $40.00 has been enclosed.
(Signature of authorized representative)
In Georgia, you’re required to send your notice of intent to incorporate to your local newspaper within one business day of filing your Articles of Incorporation. The cost to publish is $40, and that fee should be included with your notice when you submit it to the publishing newspaper.
In addition to publishing a notice of intent to incorporate, your company is also required to publish public notices any time you amend your Articles of Incorporation or if you choose to dissolve your corporation.
Starting a corporation in any state can be challenging, especially in states that have extra steps to follow. Fortunately, if you form your Georgia corporation with our business formation service, you also have the option to buy our Georgia publication requirement service. That way, our professionals can handle the publication process for you and make sure it’s done right.
While publication requirements are part of the Georgia Business Corporation Code, failure to comply doesn’t invalidate your corporation. You may be subject to other penalties, though.
Nebraska law requires that all LLCs and corporations publish a notice of incorporation in local newspapers.
A notice of organization needs to be published for three consecutive weeks once your business entity has formed. This notice needs to be published in a legal newspaper within the county where your LLC operates. If there’s no legal newspaper in your county, you may publish this notice in the county of your registered agent.
Your notice of organization should include:
In addition to the initial formation, if you make any amendments to your Articles of Organization after formation, perform a merger with any other entities, convert to a different entity type or domesticate an entity, a notice of these changes needs to be published. Additionally, if you choose to voluntarily dissolve your LLC, you must publish a notice of dissolution in the same manner.
Upon the formation of your corporation, you’re required to publish a notice of incorporation in a legal newspaper of general circulation. This notice needs to be published for three consecutive weeks and should include:
In addition to the initial formation, if you make any amendments to your Articles of Incorporation after formation, perform a merger with any other entities or perform a share exchange, a notice of these changes also needs to be published. Additionally, if you choose to voluntarily dissolve your Corporation, you must publish a notice of dissolution in the same manner.
Proof of publication needs to be filed with the Secretary of State within six months of the completion of the entity formation. If you fail to provide this proof, your acts as an LLC or corporation are considered invalid until this obligation has been met.
In New York, LLCs are required to publish a public notice after formation. Once you’ve received confirmation that your Articles of Organization have been accepted by the state, you have 120 days to commence publication.
Notices must be published weekly for six consecutive weeks in two newspapers. Each newspaper you publish in must circulate within your county. One must be a daily newspaper while the other must be printed weekly.
Note that this rule also applies to foreign LLCs that obtain authorization to transact business within the state. However, at this time ZenBusiness does not support this filing requirement.
If you fail to comply with the state’s publication requirement, your LLC’s authorization to conduct business in the state will be automatically suspended. You can avoid this by using ZenBusiness’s NY LLC Certificate of Publication service. Our team simplifies the publication process by handling all required publications on your behalf. Once complete, we provide you with a completed Certificate of Publication.
In Pennsylvania, only corporations are subject to publication requirements. Throughout the state, these requirements are also called advertising requirements. Notices must be filed in two general circulation newspapers in the county where your business is located, one of which must be a legal newspaper. These notices should either state your business’s intent to file Articles of Incorporation or the date you’ve filed if the process has already started.
Pennsylvania state law requires you to include the following information in your notice of incorporation:
In addition to publishing a notice of incorporation in Pennsylvania, you’re also required to publish a public notice if your business is using a doing business as (DBA) name, meaning that it is operating under a name different from its legal name.
In Pennsylvania, corporations aren’t required to submit proof of publication to the Secretary of State. However, affidavits of publishing should be filed in your corporation’s minutes.
Forming a corporation in any state can be complicated, but especially in states that have more requirements. Fortunately, we can help you form a Pennsylvania corporation and, as an added service, help you fulfill the advertising requirement.
There are no consequences or deadlines for publishing your notice of incorporation in Pennsylvania.
Since publication requirements vary in each state, it’s important to do your research before sending your notice of formation or notice of incorporation to a local newspaper. Make sure that you’re complying with your state’s list of preferred newspapers and be careful to include all required information and wording.
In addition to the publication requirement, there are many other steps required to form your LLC or corporation. Rely on ZenBusiness’s services to help ensure you follow these steps efficiently and remain compliant with state laws.
Disclaimer: The content on this page is for informational purposes only, and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the counsel of a licensed professional.
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While the states listed above are the only ones that have publication requirements that apply to the formation of your LLC or corporation, others may require publications if you’re conducting business under another name or if you amend your Articles of Incorporation. Be sure to check with the Secretary of State website for up-to-date, accurate publication requirements.
In some states, there are no consequences for failing to comply with publication requirements. However, in other states, you run the risk of invalidating your LLC or corporation’s authorization to transact business if you don’t publish.
A lawyer isn’t required to complete your publication requirement. If you’re in New York, where publication requirements are quite complicated, ZenBusiness can handle the process on your behalf. In other states, following the instructions listed above will help ensure that you’re in compliance with local publication requirements.
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