When you think of farming, you probably think of crops, livestock, or dairy farming. It’s not every day that you come across a topic like worm farming. The humble worm was once just considered to be a creepy crawler, while today it’s making smart entrepreneurs thousands of dollars!
Once people realized that earthworms are essential for places like bait and tackle shops, these little critters rose in importance. People started breeding them in tiny enclosures for business purposes. This led to all-out worm farms being set up as the vermicompost system became a legitimate business. And it has been thriving not only in the U.S. but worldwide.
According to Amy Jeanroy of The Spruce, you can start worm farming at home. All you need is “room for a bucket or shoebox, then you have room for a worm bin in your home.” Home growers usually use their worms for compost material to grow their gardens. On the other hand, commercial worm farms sell their worms to gardeners and/or fishermen. Commercial worm farmers usually breed red worms and mammoth Canadians, as these are best to sell to both gardeners and fishermen alike.
The demand for worms and their by-products has increased in relation to the growth of industries like agriculture and crop farming. The worm farming industry will give you sufficient competition, but don’t be afraid to break into this market. If you try hard and stay focused, you will be able to create a sizeable business to rival any of the established names in worm farming.
Consumer demographics show that worms are needed in government sectors, private homes, and communities, and by various hobbyists. Here are some organizations and people who you can easily sell to:
As you can see, there is a large market out there with a constant demand for well-raised worms. Now that you know the market trends, let’s discuss how you can go about starting your own worm farm.
The first thing you need to do is draw up a comprehensive business plan that outlines what you aim to do. There are several niches within the worm farming industry that you can capitalize on. Your business plan should outline which niche you plan on developing and which kinds of worms you will be breeding, plus how many pounds of worms you plan to start with. Here are the niches you can explore:
Your profitability will depend upon the price you receive for your worms minus the amount of money you’ve invested in labor and capital. These profit margins can vary tremendously depending on your situation. Therefore, research your costs thoroughly and review your potential profits to make sure your worm farm will break even.
The cost of your particular worm farm will depend on what strategy you’re following. If you want to set up a smaller, home-based venture, you’ll find lower costs, whereas if you want to start a commercial farm, you’ll have to pay considerably more. Here are some figures for you to look over:
Therefore, the total startup cost for your business varies significantly based on whether you’re starting a small home worm farm or looking to invest in a larger venture. Plan your finances accordingly.
You shouldn’t have to face a large legal hassle when you want to raise earthworms, as you’ll find it to be pretty straightforward. All you need to do is set up an LLC (limited liability company) or corporation. In some states, you may be required to buy a business license before you can get started. Also, check with your county and local governments to see if they have any additional permitting requirements.
There’s no point in raising worms full-time unless you have a marketing strategy to sell them as well. You should remember who your prime customer is and target them using the platform that they use.
One great way to market your business would be to start selling your worms online. This is because many tackle shops and fishermen buy worms in large quantities and they may search on online forums and websites for new purchases. Target these consumers through social media channels and a dedicated website. You can also take a look at our tips for marketing small businesses.
A typical day in the worm farm business will revolve around you answering a lot of queries and being vigilant on the phone. You’ll have customers calling you up and asking about your product. However, if it’s harvest day, then you’ll have to go out and harvest your worms early in the morning. Once a week, you’ll need to turn the bedding material over with a pitchfork and check on the worms’ conditions. Make sure you feed your worms and collect any organic waste that’s been produced.
It’ll be helpful if you know the basics of worm farming. However, even if you don’t, you’ll eventually learn. The one thing you should know is how to handle customer queries and look for new business. Customer service skills are a big plus in this industry.
Setting up your own worm farm is an exciting prospect. Now that you have gleaned sufficient information on the topic, you will be able to go into planning mode straight away. Good luck with your worm-farming endeavors.
Here at ZenBusiness, we can start your LLC for free (+ state fee), helping keep your startup costs low.
Here you’ll find some answers to basic worm farming business questions.
The earthworm farming market is projected to reach $270 million by 2028, according to Data Bridge Market Research. Clearly, there’s money to be made in this industry.
There are many gardeners and horticulturists who require worm castings. Using worm excrement for compost is a popular and relatively inexpensive way to fertilize crops, but if you have a relatively large operation, it’s a great method to get some extra income.
This largely depends on how you sell your worms. For example, you can sell 200 worms on Amazon for around $25, which works out to roughly 13 cents each. If you sell them in bulk, you can charge around $30 per pound, which means approximately 8 cents per worm.
You will need up to 1.5 pounds of worms per square foot to start. You can order your worms in bulk online.
One worm produces around three cocoons per week and each cocoon produces three hatchlings on average. Hatchlings take around three months to become fully grown worms.
Love nature? Check out more of our agricultural business ideas.
Disclaimer: The content on this page is for information purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax, or accounting advice. If you have specific questions about any of these topics, seek the counsel of a licensed professional.
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